Workshop: Simulating how the market based instrument flexible fees works

Aligning economic policy to physical constraints and people’s needs

Length: 0.5-2 days
Purpose: to simulate how flexible fees stimulate the development of the circular economy. This will give you insights into how economy, ecology and sustainability  overlap and what can be done practically and on policy level in this age of constraints.

Why attend?  Get ahead fast by learning through simulation to gain insights otherwise hard to access.
Main contents: Introduction to the flexible fee mechanism applied to mineral and  fossil fuel resource use, climate system and land degradation
 Includes: Economic, practical and psychological  perspectives – how clean-tech, fees and policy interact with perceptions.

Should there not, many argue, be a market mechanism by which industrial emissions are curbed? Market -based instruments to encourage recycling and land restoration? Why are these mechanisms in their infancy? Should we not be learning more about these methods and developing them?

Of course, but market mechanisms are emotional as well as logical – so we need a way to explore emission-curbing market mechanisms in the economic, practical and psychological dimensions. Simulation is a great way to get to understand these policy instruments up close, and to explore your own assumptions.


The picture above shows one of the graphs  produced during the simulation as a result of the various choices made by participants. The object of the simulation is to use changes in fees ( along with persuasive communication) to influence purchase behaviour of other teams without stressing enterprises into bankruptcy.

Some questions the simulation workshop explores:

  • How does a market-set pollution price mechanism work?
  • How to apply market-based instruments to eco-systems?
  • How does WHAT we say when we change fees affect HOW purchasers behave?
  • Under which conditions will a  fees scheme stimulate investment in clean-tech?
  • How would businesses react to a market – set price on emissions?
  • Can emissions traders with large amounts of money and the intention to minimize emissions influence the clean-tech market?
  • What are the conditions for a market which would stimulate rapid development towards zero emissions?
  • How does investment in clean-tech affect economic growth and tax income?

After introductory rounds of the simulation, participants are divided into interest groups, and the simulation is continued with adaptations based on the purpose for the session.

Debriefing, and learning sessions are carried out between rounds to ensure participants get the maximum learning out of the experience.

All participants are provided with a compendium for personal follow up and further reflection, including the scores from each round and accompanying graphs.

Our simulation workshops explained:

  • Based on models developed by Anders Höglund
  • Simplified so you can concentrate on overview
  • For business leaders, government officials, politicians and activists
  • Generates statistics in real time
  • Provides a framework for discussion, debate and reflection
  • Different rounds allow you to test different kinds of communication and economic strategies


  • Computer-based
  • Up to six groups
  • Max 50 participants
  • 2-8 hours
  • Experience the world of market based instruments and fees for yourself!


Number of participants: 10-50

Price: Ask for offer.

Locations: can be played out in a small group, in a fish-bowl setting with an audience or over online conferencing.


Read about flexible pollutant fees on TSSEF’s web page

Download the white paper on mineral recycling, fossil fuel limitation and eco-system service improvement with market based instruments.

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